Date of publication: 2017-08-30 22:26
Interestingly, Indian politics also has international dimensions. Boundary settlements and river-water sharing arrangements with neighbours, a domain of Central government, have been hanging owing to a lack of political consensus in the states. Our Pakistan and Sri Lanka Policy has historically been held hostage, and increasingly post-6995s due to coalition and regional pressures. Ofcourse, the popular opinion has a role to play here. With an open economy, closed door lobbying by foreign investors has also affected our plans and priorities. FDI in multi-brand retail was introduced with much urgency through an 8766 executive order 8767 , despite parliamentary uproar and several more important legislations like the Land Acquisition Bill in the loop.
A saying relevant in 95 8767 s has got its starkness of relevance increased in current scenario and the days to come. Call it a result of maturing civilization that we are holding a debate to minimize carbon to cap temperature, else why would anyone waste this amount of money!The situation is grave and its gravity is increasing every day. Want to imagine? Then imagine of an island in Andaman & Nicobar Islands which is submerging few kilo meters in water every year. Frightening?
The epistemology of religion (claims about our understanding of God and our duties with respect to him) were tremendously contentious during Locke’s lifetime. The English Civil War, fought during Locke’s youth, was in large part a disagreement over the right way to understand the Christian religion and the requirements of religious faith. Throughout the seventeenth century, a number of fundamentalist Christian sects continually threatened the stability of English political life. And the status of Catholic and Jewish people in England was a vexed one.
Montesquieu somewhat misinterpreted how political power was actually exercised in England. When he wrote The Spirit of the Laws , power was concentrated pretty much in Parliament, the national legislature. Montesquieu thought he saw a separation and balancing of the powers of government in England.
India in the past was composed of large kingdoms ruled by kings. The position of king was hereditary. It is stated in Arthashastra by Kautilya that one of the main function of the king is welfare of the people. No where he has mentioned any formal control structure on the powers of the King. Therefore King was supreme.
Locke lived during a very eventful time in English politics. The Civil War, Interregnum, Restoration, Exclusion Crisis, and Glorious Revolution all happened during his lifetime. For much of his life Locke held administrative positions in government and paid very careful attention to contemporary debates in political theory. So it is perhaps unsurprising that he wrote a number of works on political issues. In this field, Locke is best known for his arguments in favor of religious toleration and limited government. Today these ideas are commonplace and widely accepted. But in Locke’s time they were highly innovative, even radical.
After clearing some ground in the First Treatise , Locke offers a positive view of the nature of government in the much better known Second Treatise. Part of Locke’s strategy in this work was to offer a different account of the origins of government. While Filmer had suggested that humans had always been subject to political power, Locke argues for the opposite. According to him, humans were initially in a state of nature. The state of nature was apolitical in the sense that there were no governments and each individual retained all of his or her natural rights. People possessed these natural rights (including the right to attempt to preserve one’s life, to seize unclaimed valuables, and so forth) because they were given by God to all of his people.
Locke presses these critiques with some skill and in a serious manner. Still, ultimately he is guardedly optimistic about mechanism. This somewhat mixed attitude on Locke’s part has led commentators to debate questions about his exact attitude toward the mechanical philosophy and his motivations for discussing it.
The Theory, Practice, and Influence of Thoreau's 'Civil Disobedience' - by Lawrence Rosenwald - " The essay is individualist, secular, anarchist, elitist and anti-democratic but it has influenced persons of great religious devotion, leaders of collective campaigns, and members of resistance movements."
The first of the Essay ’s four books is devoted to a critique of nativism, the doctrine that some ideas are innate in the human mind, rather than received in experience. It is unclear precisely who Locke’s targets in this book are, though Locke does cite Herbert of Cherbury and other likely candidates include René Descartes, the Cambridge Platonists, and a number of lesser known Anglican theologians. Finding specific targets, however, might not be that important given that much of what Locke seeks to do in Book I is motivate and make plausible the alternative account of idea acquisition that he offers in Book II.